The working group was founded as part of the research activities at the Chair of Astronautics of Prof. Kayal at the Department of Computer Science 8 - Aerospace Information Technology, and serves the independent, unbiased and scientifically sound investigation of previously unknown celestial phenomena in the atmosphere, in near-Earth space and on the Moon.
Phenomena have been observed in the sky in the past, some of whose origins were initially unknown. Phenomena such as lightning or gamma ray bursts in the upper atmosphere have only been known for a few decades and have only been studied scientifically since then, although corresponding observations apparently existed earlier. In many cases, this is due to the short-term nature of the phenomena and the fact that until the origin of the phenomenon is clarified, it is usually impossible to predict when, where and under what conditions the phenomenon will occur.
Even today, there are very serious reports of unknown celestial phenomena that do not fit into any of the known categories. Even if, after sufficient investigation, the majority of these observations can be attributed to known phenomena or objects, in the small unexplained part of the observations lies the potential that in fact completely unknown and new phenomena could be discovered, which have not been given enough attention so far.
Therefore, it may be worthwhile to scientifically investigate such seemingly unknown celestial phenomena in order to possibly generate new knowledge from them. This corresponds in essence to the mission statement of the University of Würzburg, which is "veritati" - committed to the truth.
The focus of the working group is on the following areas:
- Design, construction and operation of instruments and tools for the systematic execution and analysis of own observations
- Elaboration and application of standard procedures for observation and analysis
- Execution of investigations in particularly outstanding cases
- Analysis of potential novel, technical conceptual approaches that can be derived from the findings.