Our paper "NeuralPDE: Modelling Dynamical Systems from Data" has been accepted at KI202205.07.2022
In our paper we use the Method of Lines together with Neural ODEs to learn spatio-temporal data arising from dynamical systems. We show that the method performs consistently well on a wide range of applications.
Many physical processes such as weather phenomena or fluid mechanics are governed by partial differential equations (PDEs). Modelling such dynamical systems using Neural Networks is an active research field. However, current methods are still very limited, as they do not exploit the knowledge about the dynamical nature of the system, require extensive prior knowledge about the governing equations or are limited to linear or first-order equations. In this work we make the observation that the Method of Lines used to solve PDEs can be represented using convolutions which makes convolutional neural networks (CNNs) the natural choice to parametrize arbitrary PDE dynamics. We combine this parametrization with differentiable ODE solvers to form the NeuralPDE Model, which explicitly takes into account the fact that the data is governed by differential equations. We show in several experiments on toy and real-world data that our model consistently outperforms state-of-the-art models used to learn dynamical systems.